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Joint Replacement Surgery

There are numerous conditions that cause joint pain and disability. Joints can be damaged by arthritis and other diseases, injuries, or other causes. Arthritis or simply years of use may cause the joint to wear away. This can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling. If nonsurgical treatments like medications, physical therapy, and changes to your everyday routine do not relieve your pain and improve your mobility, your doctor may recommend joint replacement.

Joint replacement surgery is removing a damaged joint and putting in a new one. A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, and shoulder. The doctor may suggest a joint replacement to improve how you live. Replacing a joint can relieve pain and help you move and feel better. Hips and knees are replaced most often. Other joints that can be replaced include the shoulders, fingers, ankles, and elbows. Sometimes, the surgeon will not remove the whole joint, but will only replace or fix the damaged parts.

Diagnosis & Treatment Options

Joint and hip pain are never what you expect. Luckily, our independent team of orthopedic specialists is here to help, offering today's most advanced and innovative treatment options. Our comprehensive diagnostic services include MRI and musculoskeletal fellowship-trained radiologists, ensuring accurate interpretation specific to your needs. When it comes to orthopedic care, no one treats you better than Chesapeake Regional.

Minimally-invasive Direct Anterior Hip Replacement Surgery

The term refers to approaches using smaller incisions combined with traditional approaches, as well as, to alternate surgical approaches employing smaller incisions or sometimes two incisions.

  • Single incision techniques for minimally invasive surgery include:
  • The Anterior Approach. Anterior means front. So this technique uses one small incision on the front of the upper thigh. The technique is sometimes called the “true anterior approach” to distinguish it from the anterior-lateral approach discussed earlier and in the next sectino that accesses the hip nearer the side of the thigh rather than at the front.
  • The posterior-lateral and anterior-lateral approach. These are traditional approaches described above using smaller incisions and special instruments to facilitate the procedure through these incisions.
  • Two-incision techniques use one opening nearer the front of the thigh to insert the socket part of the implant, and a separate small incision toward the back of the thigh to insert the stem of the implant.

As with any surgery, each of these techniques poses some risks. Recovery takes time and hard work. The life of a new joint depends on weight, activity level, age, and other factors. Each patient responds differently. The most common adverse events following hip arthroplasty include dislocation, leg length discrepancy, failure to improve all pain, bone fracture, change in component position, infection, loosening, and tissue reaction.

Lateral Hip Replacement Surgery and Posterior Hip Replacement Surgery

The typical hip replacement procedure uses one of two approaches performed through similar incisions located on the upper thigh and buttock. One is called a posterior-lateral approach (posterior means rear) and the other is the anterior-lateral approach (anterior means front).

Partial Knee Replacement Surgery

A partial knee replacement is surgery to replace only one part of a damaged knee. It can replace either the inside (medial) or outside (lateral) parts of the knee. Partial knee replacement surgery removes damaged tissue and bone in the knee joint. The damaged areas are replaced with a man-made implant, called a prosthetic. The surgeon will make a cut over your knee. This cut is about 3 to 5 inches long.

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS

These diagnostic options are offered at Chesapeake Regional. Your doctor or surgeon can help explain what your best options are.

ARTHROSCOPY

TREATMENT OPTIONS

These treatment options are offered at Chesapeake Regional. Your doctor or surgeon can help explain if you’re a candidate for any of them.

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MAKOPLASTY® TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY

MAKOPLASTY PARTIAL KNEE RESURFACING

Joint Replacement Surgery